Knowing Jamaica


Culture & History - Jamaica in Brief

Jamaica in brief provides capsule introductions to Jamaica by subject area and a collection of key facts and figures. These include size of the Island, population, ethnic groups and main airports.

Key facts about Jamaica

10,991 sq km (4,243 sq miles) – the third largest Island in the Caribbean
Form of government
Constitutional Parliamentary Democracy (Based on the British model)
2.7 million (Statistical Institute of Jamaica, 2013)
Ethnic group
African descent 90.9%, Mixed 7.3%, Indians 1.3%, Chinese 0.2%, White 0.2%, Other 0.1%
The Island has the highest number of churches per capita in the world. Protestant 64% (Church of God 24%, Seventh-Day Adventist 11%, Pentecostal 10%, Baptist 7%, Anglican 4%, Methodist 2%, United Church 2%, Jehovah's Witness 2%, Brethren 1%, Moravian 1%), Roman Catholic 4%, Other (including some spiritual cults) 32%
Life expectancy
Men 72 years, Women 77 years (World Health Organisation, 2013)
English (the officially recognized language), English patois
Major economic activities
Tourism, Agriculture and Bauxite Mining
Jamaican dollar (JMD)
GNI per capita
US $5,150 (World Bank, 2015)
Internet domain
International dialling code